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About Crete Island (Greece)
The island attracts thousands of tourists every year because of xakouston archaeological sites, unique natural beauty and its ability to combine picturesque landscapes with cosmopolitan life. The hundreds of thousands of resorts and tourist centers that exist around the island offer visitors the unique and unforgettable vacation.

Crete is the largest island in Greece, the 2 largest (after Cyprus) in the eastern Mediterranean, the 5 th largest in the Mediterranean and southern Europe. It is located between three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa, particularly in the southern end of the Aegean Sea and covers an area of 8.336 km ², which represents 6.3% of the total current Greek territory.
The geographical coordinates of the island is around 35 ° N 24 ° A. Surrounded by the northern Aegean Sea and south of the Libyan Sea.
The island is 260 kilometres long and varies in width from 60 km (measured from the Cape in Cape Dion Stone

The History of Heraklion

The port of Iraklion & Koules
Heraklion is the fifth largest city in Greece. In the city there are settlements from the Neolithic Period. Although the city have found a few findings to prove this, believing that it was the port of Knossos. The Saracens conquered the city in 824 AD and renamed in El Khandak (Fortress of Moat) when it built a large moat around it.

The city anakatalifthike from the Byzantine Empire in 961 AD after several failed attempts. Two hundred years after the Empire was dissolved by the Crusaders made its governance and the governance of Crete assigned to the Venetians for 1,000 pieces of silver.

The Venetian Walls
During the Venetian arts flourished and "Candia", as renamed the Venetians, became a centre of literature and the arts.

Many intellectuals and artists found refuge there after the fall of Constantinople in 1453.

The Venetians began construction of the fort city of the 1462 and took more than a century to finish. T walls were along more than 4 kilometres. The figure was triangle and had seven bastions. The Venetians built the port and several buildings of architectural excellence.

The Venetian Loggia
The strategic importance of fortifications proved when the city poliorkithike. The siege by the Turks took 21 years and was one of the largest in history. The final delivery was in 1669 after 100,000 were killed 30,000 Turks and Venetians.

The Turkish occupation dysanaschetise very Cretans because of the mandatory proselytise Islam. From 1820 onwards, continued antartopolemos held against the Turks.

The population of Iraklion has increased since 1913 held the Union of Crete with Greece. Due to its strategic position became a target for the German invasion forces in 1941. The German bombardment during the Battle of Crete caused major disasters and after the war the city was rebuilt on a large scale.

Initially, the capital of Crete was Chania. The administrative center of Heraklion, Crete moved in 1971.
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